LASIK – Laser Eye Surgery
Eye laser surgery is performed to eliminate myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and keratoconus problems in appropriate conditions. These problems are among the health problems that complicate the daily life of individuals and reduce the possibility of individuals living on their own. These vision problems, which necessitate the use of contact lenses or glasses for healthy vision, reduce the comfort of life. The use of glasses in order for the person to continue his daily life can be an undesirable situation for many people.
What is Laser Eye Surgery?
General applications are aimed at solving vision problems such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia (age-related nearsightedness).
Laser eye surgery, which can be applied for these reasons and many other reasons, is performed with the advice of a doctor after various examination procedures. Some of the points to be considered here are the suitability of the patient’s corneal thickness and shape for treatment. In addition, the patient’s age, health history, and visual defect number are also important in deciding whether they are suitable for eye laser surgery.
Laser is an extremely powerful type of light. It is used for different purposes such as burning, cutting, and evaporation in many areas of daily life. With the light used for the operation, there is no cutting and splitting situation in general terms. During the procedure, the patient is asked to look fixedly at a certain point, and this operation is performed by sending a laser beam to a certain area on the outer surface of the cornea.
Who Can Have Laser Eye Surgery?
- It can be done to people over 18 years old. Because the development has not been completed until this age, there is a possibility of increasing the number of glasses. Therefore, people under the age of 18 are not suitable for the operation.
- It can be applied to patients with appropriate corneal thickness. Unlike LASIK and iLASIK laser applications, no-touch laser applications can also be applied to patients with thin corneal structures.
- It can also be applied to people who have had cataract surgery before and those who have a tear in their retina after providing the appropriate preconditions.
- It can also be applied to patients with astigmatism and hypermetropia that are not excessively high, and myopia patients with high numbers.
- It can be applied to patients who have various scars and stains on the corneal layer.
Before laser eye surgery (eye drawing), the patient should not put on any makeup and should not use perfume around the eyes. In addition, blood thinners should not be used on the day of surgery. Contact lens wearers should stop using contact lenses a few days before the operation. If there are other issues that need special attention to the patient’s condition, the doctor will inform the patient about what to do in the pre-operative preparation stage.
Patients who are over the age of 18, in the 20-35 age group with -1 to -6 myopia (there may also be some astigmatism, -2 or even -3 numbers), and whose eye structure is suitable are the most suitable candidates for excimer laser procedures. The corneal layer should be sufficient. In addition, LASIK is not recommended for those with congenital or genetic corneal disease. The excimer laser is not applied to pregnant and lactating women. In addition, the number of glasses should not changed in the last year. Eye herpes should not be passed. Postoperative recovery may take longer in diabetic patients. Sometimes laser treatments are not suitable for those who have had eye surgery and have suffered eye injuries.
Excimer laser operation is a risk-free and short-term operation when performed in multidisciplinary hospitals and by specialist doctors.