Correction of visual defects such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism by surgical methods is called refractive surgery. The laser type used in refractive surgery today is the excimer laser. With the excimer laser, it is possible to correct myopia up to 10 diopters, hyperopia up to 5 diopters, and astigmatism up to 5 diopters.
Each person’s vision and eye structure differ. A personalized laser program can be created with Wavefront, Q-value, and Topolaser methods.
Wavefront, which is a personalized treatment method, aims to increase the quality of vision even more. Optical irregularities are determined and a special treatment map is created for the eye of the person and a laser is applied to this map. Thus, the person can make the best use of his existing vision potential.
LASER TREATMENT PROCESSES
- Examinations: With topography, a detailed topographic map of the corneal layer of the eye is obtained. The corneal thickness is measured with a pachymeter. Corneal thickness is as important a parameter as the eye number in choosing the surgical method to be applied.
- Peak: Visual acuity, numbers, and binding measurements are determined during the examination. The biomicroscopic examination is performed and eye pressure is measured.
- A detailed eye examination is performed from the pupil of the eye. If there are risky areas such as thinning, tears, or holes in the retina, these areas are protected with the argon laser method. It provides a more secure application.
Laser treatments are performed with the help of eye drops with numbing properties. No pain is felt during the surgery. In fact, since the procedure takes place in a very short time, like 5 minutes per eye, the operation is finished before most of our patients understand what is going on. The discomfort (stinging, burning, watering, blurred vision) in the postoperative Lasik treatment (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) lasts approximately 5-6 hours. In other words, when patients wake up the next day, they can easily perform their daily activities.
Patients using hard contact lenses should stop using lenses for 3 weeks, and those using soft contact lenses 1 week in advance. It is recommended to wear comfortable clothes, not to wear make-up, or even to use perfume on the day of surgery.
Immediately after the treatment, 2 eye drops containing antibiotics and cortisone are given to our patients to relieve them and they are asked to use them hourly. After a day, the doses of the drugs are reduced, and these drops are used for a week. It is important not to enter the sea or pool for 1 week and not to rub the eyes.