Strabismus is encountered in 4 out of every 100 newborn children and is a condition where the parallel stance of the eyes is impaired. It is a curable disease. Although the symptoms can be obvious, they can be confused with other disorders, so early diagnosis and diagnosis is very important. The causes may differ from person to person, so the treatment also varies from person to person.
Strabismus, also known as strabismus among the people, is the loss of the parallelism of the eyes with each other. These shifts can be continuous, intermittent, or latent. There are 6 muscles in our eyes that provide the up-down, right-left, and circular movements of our pupil. Strabismus occurs when one or more of them weakens. Sometimes it can be seen in one eye and sometimes in both eyes.
Causes of Strabismus
Şaşılığın pek çok farklı sebebi olabilir ve kişiden kişiye değişebilir. Hamileliğin sorunlu geçmesi, erken doğum, kuvözde kalma, nörolojik rahatsızlıklar, ateşli hastalıklar, kafa travması, kazalar, düşmeler, ameliyatlar, kırma kusurları (miyop, hipermetrop, astigmat), göz tembelliği, şeker hastalığı ve hipertansiyon kaynaklı olabileceği gibi kalıtımsal da gözlemlenebilir. Ailede gözünde kayma olan varsa çocukta da şaşılık olma olasılığı yüksektir.
Strabismus can have many different causes and can vary from person to person. Troubled pregnancy, premature birth, staying in an incubator, neurological disorders, febrile diseases, head trauma, accidents, falls, surgeries, refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism), lazy eye, diabetes, and hypertension can be observed as well as hereditary. If there is a strabismus in the family, the probability of having a strabismus is high.
The majority of strabismus, which is seen in four out of every hundred newborn children, occurs around the age of 2-3 years and can usually be completely corrected with glasses. In cases that do not improve despite using glasses, surgical treatment is required.
Treatment with Glasses
Some strabismus occurs due to refractive error and can be treated with glasses. As you use it, the strabismus in the eye is corrected.
This treatment method can be done if the patient has laziness in his eyes. The healthy eye is closed at regular intervals, allowing the lazy eye to work.
Orthoptic Treatment (CAM)
This treatment consists of computer-assisted exercises applied to the eyes to regain the ability to see and the sense of depth in both eyes and is a kind of physical therapy. This treatment not only can treat strabismus, it also makes the patient more comfortable and successful while driving, and playing sports that need to adjust distance and time, such as football and table tennis.
The method to be applied varies according to the type and degree of strabismus. This treatment is done by increasing the strength of some of the 6 muscles in our eyes, reducing some of them or changing the effect points of some of them. Strabismus surgeries can be performed under general anesthesia in children and local or general anesthesia in adults.
In cases that do not improve with glasses and exercise programs, surgery is applied to patients with congenital strabismus. This treatment, it is done by increasing the strength of some of the 6 muscles in our eyes, reducing some of them, or changing the effect points of some of them. Although early treatment is preferred for strabismus, treatment is also possible in adulthood. The operation is preferably performed under general anesthesia. After the operation, the eye is not closed, there is no pain, there is no pain, only a slight stinging sensation may be felt in the patient. Patients can return to their daily lives 6-7 days after the operation. Redness in the eyes lasts about 3-4 weeks and decreases with the use of drops.